What is the role of the Joint Waste Development Plan Document?
Planning Policy Statement 10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management (PPS10) sets out the role of Development Plan Documents (DPDs) for waste. In particular, emphasis is placed on the allocation of sites and areas suitable for new and enhanced waste management facilities. Such sites should support the pattern of waste management facilities and the apportionment of waste as set out in Regional Spatial Strategies (RSS). DPDs should also provide the framework within which decisions on proposals for development are taken.
The JWDPD will be a document which will cover land-use planning matters in relation to waste management for the Joint Plan area, and will include detailed criteria based as well as site specific policies and allocations. The document will include a set of development control policies which will assist in the consideration of waste planning applications, and will include a set of maps identifying the potential locations of future waste management facilities for the each of the 10 Districts.
What is the role of the Joint Committee?
The purpose of the Joint Committee is to facilitate and strategically manage the preparation of the JWDPD until the document is ready for submission for independent examination, and to support the JWDPD throughout the period of independent examination.
What is the role of the Officer Steering Group?
The role of the Officer Steering Group is to advise the Joint Committee on the preparation and development of the JWDPD. Individual Officers from the Officer Steering Group will be responsible for providing informal liaison and reporting within their district on the decisions of the Joint Committee.
The Officer Steering Group comprises officers from each of the AGMA Authorities and GMGU, observers from the NWRA, the AGMA policy unit, the GMWDA, the WWDA and a representative of the Waste Collection Authorities for Greater Manchester.
What is the role of the GMGU?
The role of the GMGU is to undertake the project management and production of the JWDPD in accordance with the decisions of the Joint Committee. This is envisaged to involve working closely with the Officer Steering Group and preparing reports and recommendations, on behalf of the Officer Steering Group Chair, for presentation to the Joint Committee. GMGU will also arrange for the procurement of services from consultants as required, through its lead authority, Salford City Council, in accordance with decisions of the Joint Committee.
What is the policy behind the development of the JWDPD?
Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks (PPS12) is a guidance document which sets out the requirements for producing a Local Development Framework (LDF) for Local Planning Authorities. In the case of Metropolitan Authorities, LDFs will replace the existing system of Unitary Development Plans.
The LDF will comprise Local Development Documents. These include Development Plan Documents, which are part of the Statutory Development Plan, and Supplementary Planning Documents which expand policies set out in a Development Plan Document or provide additional detail.
The LDF will also include a Statement of Community Involvement, the Local Development Scheme and an Annual Monitoring Report. The overarching document to the LDF is a Core Strategy. This should set out the key strategic elements of the planning framework for the area, and all other DPDs should be in conformity with this. The JWDPD will be a separate DPD that is adopted by each District; therefore it will need to conform to the 10 Core Strategies which are being developed.
The LDF, together with the Regional Spatial Strategy, provides the essential framework for planning in a local authority's area. The key documents which form part of the LDFs are set out in the diagram below.
Joint working: PPS12 also sets out the guidance for producing Joint Local Development Documents, and this is a practice that is particularly encouraged. PPS12 states that a county council or a unitary authority may work jointly with a district authority to prepare minerals and waste local development documents. In these instances they should individually set out in their local development schemes the documents which they will prepare jointly. In addition the development of Joint Waste DPDs should also be informed by and inform back, and Municipal Waste Management Strategies (MWMS) that exist for the areas.
It is within this context that the 10 Greater Manchester Authorities have decided to produce a Joint Waste DPD. As this is a Joint Document it will not require the suite of documents identified in the Figure above. The JWDPD will form the part of the suite of documents that will be adopted by each District as part of their LDF.
Planning Policy Statement 10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management (PPS10). Following the publication of the cabinet report "Waste not, want not" a review of Planning Policy Guidance 10 was required as it became evident that the existing planning framework was not effective in bringing forward sufficient waste management facilities required for the UK to meet its recycling targets and EU Landfill diversion targets. This led to the development of PPS10.
PPS10 is the key guidance document for the development of waste plans. It contains the aims and objectives for both Regional Planning Bodies (RPBs) and Waste Planning Authorities (WPAs) to apply when developing such documents.
The key aim of PPS10 is to achieve sustainable waste management by driving waste up the hierarchy. The guidance looks to WPAs to bring forward an integrated approach to waste management in-line with Waste Strategy 2000. This focuses on a move away from a reliance on landfill for the treatment/disposal of waste, and to promoting the principles of the 3 R's, namely reduce, reuse and recycle.
PPS10 includes specific information on what should be included within a Waste Development Framework (or in the case of Greater Manchester a JWDPD to be adopted into each district's Local Development Framework (LDF), placing onus on the importance of site identification and self-sufficiency in waste management. It also raises the importance of waste minimisation including the need for good design in all new developments, and indicates that sites should be identified to assist in the recycling and re-use of waste.
Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) for the North West: In January 2006 the Draft RSS was submitted to the Secretary of State (SoS). This document contains the most up to date regional policies on waste. The development of these policies has been carried out in line with the requirements of PPS10 and was informed by the Regional Technical Advisory Body and the Regional Waste Strategy (RWS).
RSS sets out objectives for waste for the region including ambitious recycling and waste reduction targets for all waste streams. The policies in RSS must be implemented locally through the development of a Waste Development Framework, or as in the case of Greater Manchester, each district's LDF. Such documents will need to detail the volume of waste that requires treatment and provision of facilities to manage waste arisings up to 2020.
How will consultation be undertaken and who will be responsible for this?
Consultation on the JWDPD will be carried out in accordance with each of the District's Statement of Community Involvement (SCI). To ensure conformity with the SCIs, a Consultation Strategy has been prepared which sets out detailed methods for engaging with key stakeholders. GMGU will be responsible for carrying out consultation on the JWDPD on behalf of the 10 Districts, with input from Districts as appropriate.
An indicative budget has been agreed by AGMA Executive for the development of the JWDPD. This includes an amount to be allocated for the purpose of consultation and advertisement at varying stages during preparation of the JWDPD.
What is Sustainability Appraisal, and why do we have to do it?
Sustainability Appraisal is the assessment of a document in relation to its potential social, environmental and economic impacts. It is to assist in delivering a sustainable approach to planning. Under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, SA is mandatory for Development Plan Documents (DPDs) and Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs) in order to encourage delivery of sustainable development through plan-making. Section 19 of the 2004 Act requires local authorities to "(a) carry out an appraisal of the sustainability of the proposals in each document [in the LDF]; [and] (b) prepare a report of the findings of the appraisal" (Section 19(5)).
SA must also meet the requirements of the EU Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive, and reports produced must clearly identify where the requirements are met. The Sustainability Appraisal (SA) process proposed through the Government's SA guidance is designed so that through one appraisal process the requirements of SA, and the EU Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive, are both met.
The Draft Scoping Report represents the first stage of the SA process for the JWDPD. The aim of this Scoping Report is to set out the context and objectives for Greater Manchester, establishing baseline data and setting the scope as to how the JWDPD will be assessed against social, environmental and economic aims.
How will Sustainability Appraisal (SA) of the JWDPD be undertaken?
GMGU have prepared a draft Scoping Report for consideration by the Joint Committee prior to consultation in September. This document sets out the Sustainability Appraisal Framework by which the plan will be assessed at each stage of its development.
To ensure the SA undertaken is impartial, consultants have been commissioned to undertake this element of work. Members of the GMGU will work closely with the consultants throughout the preparation of the JWDPD to ensure that all work undertaken is compliant with the test of soundness examination.
What is the relationship between each of the 10 Greater Manchester Authority's Core Strategies and the JWDPD?
Core strategies for waste that will be developed by each of the Districts and should set out a planning strategy for sustainable waste management. The policies developed should be in line with the overall strategy for waste as set out in RSS, and the two Municiple Waste Management Strategies for greater Manchester. Whilst this may be the case, the policies set out in each of the Core strategies should not be to the level of detail which will be covered in the JWDPD, but should be sufficient to inform the development of policies for the JWDPD. This is to ensure conformity between the core strategy and the JWDPD, and to prevent a situation developing where policies are not covered through the Core Strategies.
What is the relationship between the JWDPD and waste minimisation?
To address an issue such as waste minimisation, it is important to ensure that it is in conformity with the planning framework for an LDF as set out in the Core Strategy. PPS10 states that proposed new development should be supported by site waste management plans of the type encouraged by the code of practice published by the DTI14 to identify the volume and type of material to be demolished and/or excavated, opportunities for the reuse and recovery of materials and to demonstrate how off-site disposal of waste will be minimised and managed.
PPS10 also states that all new developments should make sufficient provision for waste management and promote good design/layouts which help secure the integration of waste management facilities.
One of the major programmes behind encouraging waste minimisation is the Business Resource Efficiency Programme (BREW) which was established by DEFRA in 2005, and is managed regionally by a number of agencies including the North West Development Agency, Environment Agency and Regional Assembly, with support from a number of national and regional partners. This programme looks at helping businesses reduce their waste and manage resources more efficiently.
To support this in the planning framework the submitted RSS for the North West addresses the need for planning to tackle waste minimisation. The submitted RSS recognises the need to incorporate waste minimisation activities in all new developments, redevelopments and regeneration projects, and this policy must be recognised in the development of polices for LDFs.
The JWDPD can also seek to address this issue through the JWDPD's aims and objectives and development control policies. This will be addressed through the Issues and Options stage, where stakeholders will be asked to consider what issues they want to see addressed by the JWDPD, and how. In addition, supplementary planning documents could also be developed to address the issue of waste minimisation, for all new developments, re-developments and regeneration projects, not just waste developments.